The National Police and the Civil Guard released a total of 1,561 victims of exploitation and human trafficking in Spain in 2019. Of these people, 523 were victims of human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation, work, begging, forced marriage and the commission of crimes; and 1,038 victims of sexual and labor exploitation.
This emerges from the internal ministry’s intelligence center against terrorism and organized crime (CITCO) record on human trafficking.
The document also reflects that the National Police and Civil Guard arrested 732 people for crimes related to human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation, work, begging, forced marriage or the commission of criminal activities and for crimes of exploitation. sexual and work. In addition, the state security forces and organs dismantled 93 organizations and criminal groups linked to these criminal phenomena.
Of these 1,561 victims released in 2019, 29 were minors, 24 of whom were trafficked.
violation of human rights
Human trafficking is one of the most serious legal violations to persist in the 21st century. Their victims are captured taking advantage of various situations of vulnerability or distress to be later exploited for a variety of activities including prostitution and pornography, forced labor, commissioning of criminal activities, begging, organ harvesting, or marriage. forced.
It is a crime in which the profile of the victims is mainly female, as women and girls are at a higher risk of becoming victims, especially in situations of particular vulnerability related to poverty, armed conflict or political instability.
The figures at international and national level confirm this. In 2019, 71% of the victims identified in Spain were women and girls; a percentage that reached up to 96% in human trafficking for sexual exploitation.
In addition, women and girls were noticeably present in other forms of human trafficking in 2019, as was the case with labor exploitation, both of which reached 42% of the identified victims.
Indeed, trafficking in human beings is seen as one of the most serious forms of violence against women identified in the United Nations General Assembly’s Recommendations on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993) and the Beijing Platform for Action (1995).
For all these reasons, the Ministry of the Interior is developing measures to combat this criminal phenomenon and to support, protect and recover the victims. Given the profile of victims, their care requires a gender-based approach that takes into account their specific needs based on the gender and type of exploitation they have been exposed to in order to restore them and ensure their rights.
Copyright © Grupo Edefa SA Reproduction, in whole or in part, of this article is prohibited without the prior authorization of the publisher.