The Minister of the Interior Fernando Grande-Marlaska and the Minister for Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, Arancha Gonzlez Laya, have urged the European Union to strengthen the external dimension of migration policy in effective cooperation with the countries of origin and transit, understanding that there is the most effective formula is to prevent irregular immigration.
Grande-Marlaska and Gonzlez Laya took part in the Council of Foreign and Interior Ministers of the EU this Monday, which telematically discussed the phenomenon of migration, with particular reference to the negotiations on the future migration pact and future asylum. In this sense, Spain has welcomed the general harmony that relations with countries of origin and transit must be comprehensive, constructive and based on an approach that reflects the common interests of partners and the community. EU.
Our experience as a frontland shows that the only way to a successful immigration policy is to invest in long-term relationships with countries of origin and transit and to build comprehensive relationships based on mutual trust, said Gonzlez Laya.
For her part, Grande-Marlaska has indicated that preventing immigration at the source is a priority for Spain and that for this it is essential to establish a permanent dialogue and work hand in hand with our partners on African countries. The Minister stressed that EU funds would be suitable for projects to operationalize the capacities of the security forces of the countries of origin and the transit of migration flows.
On the basis of these parameters, Spain has presented the proposal for the Team Europe initiative in the field of migration, which enhances the efforts of the Commission and the Member States to implement cooperation projects and operational support in the priority countries of migration routes. The main objective of the initiative is to reduce irregular migratory flows from the priority countries of these regions to Europe through prevention at origin and with a migration route approach, said the minister.
With this in mind, the ministers have highlighted the possibility of using the Neighborhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI), whose use in this area already includes a proposal by the Spanish government that could replace the disbanded Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.
This mechanism enabled the start of successful cooperation projects with African countries such as the joint investigation teams that the National Police conducts with the police forces of countries such as Niger, Mauritania or Senegal, or the GARSI Sahel project, in which the civil guard, the French gendarmera, is involved , the Italian Carabinieri and the Portuguese Republican National Guard.
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