In December 2012, the Navy Industrial Service (SIMA-Per) started the so-called High Board Naval Construction Program, thanks to which important units were produced, such as the sailing training ship BAP Unin (BEV-161), the multi-purpose BAP Pisco (AMP-156) and the maritime patrol boats of the Ro Pativilca class as well as the rescue tug BAP Morales (RAS-180) and the PIAS (hiking platform for social action).
This program does not stop and continues on its march as it has created around 3,500 jobs in addition to technology transfer and indirectly benefited a significant number of small and medium-sized enterprises. We offer a brief overview of the ongoing construction.
The BAP Paita is 15 percent ready and therefore cannot be brought onto the market in 2021. It is the second Makassar-class LPD (Landing Platform Dock) unit designed by Dae Sun Shipbuilding & Engineering of Korea at SIMA Callao shipyard as part of the program to restore and improve logistical support and transportation of the Armed forces.
The first unit, the BAP Pisco (AMP-156), the keel of which was laid on June 12, 2013, was launched on April 25, 2017 and commissioned on June 6, 2018. It is responsible for carrying out naval and war missions. Amphibians, transport of troops and vehicles as well as citizen actions and humanitarian aid.
The Pisco has a length of 122 m, a width of 22 and a draft of 4.9. The standard displacement is estimated at 7,300 tons. and the maximum is 11,390 tons. The propulsion is of the CODAD type (combined diesel and diesel) and allows it to reach an economical speed of 13 knots and a maximum of 16 knots with a range between 10,000 and 14,000 nm.
It has a flight deck and a floodable hangar with which 2 LCU landing craft (23 m Landing Craft Unit) can be transported and used. and 4 RHIB boats (Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat) as well as 14 armored vehicles LAV II Caimn (8 x 8) or 14 troop transporters MAN TGS-Mil 29.440 (6 x 6).
The nominal crew consists of 150 employees (14 officers and 112 specialists) and 7 observers. It is capable of carrying 400 marines. In terms of armament, a 40mm Bofors 40 / L70 is mounted to the front. (a modified MK-V and equipped with a new missile magazine) designed by the Directorate for Naval Operations (DIALI) to replace the one installed after its commissioning.
In addition, a SCAMO (system for the control of weapons with optronic means), which was developed and manufactured by the Spanish Escribano Mechanical & Engineering and consists of 4 remote controlled RCWS guards (Remote Controlled Weapon System) with 12.7 mm. and 2 out of 30 sentinels associated with an OTEOS-N-SOA (Advanced Observation System).
Patrol boats and PIAS
The sea patrol boats BAP Ro Tumbes (PM-208) and BAP Ro Locumba (PM-209), which launched into the sea on July 26th, have an advance of 80 percent and are expected to enter service in the second half of 2021. The construction of the SIMA – Shipyard in Chimbote is done with CKD (Complete Knock Down) packages, which comprise nine basic modules: five made of steel and the rest of aluminum.
They are part of the Coast Guard (SAR) capacity restoration program to conduct surface operations and search and rescue operations under a design and technology transfer agreement signed with STX Offshore & Shipbuilding (South Korea) in 2013, which envisages the construction of 10 Units.
Photo: Callao began building 7 transport boats for the Navy in 2019.
The first two, BAP Ro Pativilca (PM-204) and BAP Ro Caete (PM-205) were launched on November 30, 2015 and put into service on March 28, 2016, while BAP Ro Piura (PM-206) and BAP Ro Quilca (PM-207) did so in October 2016 and was delivered in February 2017.
They work on the orders of the General Directorate of Captains and Coast Guards (DICAPI) and are responsible for carrying out control and surveillance, patrol and prohibition missions, as well as search and rescue in the so-called Mar de Grau to protect security, defense and national interests of the country.
The Ro Pativilca have a length of 55.3 m, a width of 8.5 m and a draft of 2.3 m and displace 450 to 500 t. It is powered by 2 Caterpillar 3516C HD diesel engines with 3,345 hp (plus two Caterpillar C9 250 kW generators), with which a speed of 22 knots can be achieved.
The range at 14 knots is estimated at 3,600 nautical miles and the crew consists of 25 employees: 5 officers and 20 specialists. In addition, they can host a boarding group of 14 troops. The equipment includes two RIB (Rigid Inflatable Boat) boats and another administrative type.
The armament of the BAP Ro Pativilca (PM-204), BAP Ro Caete (PM-205), BAP Ro Piura (PM-206) and BAP Ro Quilca (PM-207) includes a 30 mm Thypoon mount. and two 12.7 Mini-Thyponn from Rafael Advanced Defense Systems (Israel), while BAP Ro Tumbes (PM-208) and BAP Ro Locumba (PM-209) will have a 30mm sentinel. and two 12.7 mm guards. by Escribano.
The Yarav walking platform for social action with sustainability (PIAS), which is being built at the Marine Industrial Service shipyard in Iquitos, will start next November and is 85 percent complete. It is an improved version of its predecessor and differs in an elongated length of 42 to 48 m, a width of 10 and a depth of 2.2. The displacement will be around 300 tons. and with a load capacity of 75 percent it will be able to reach 9 knots of speed.
Transport 43 troops: 20 crew members and 23 officials. Your job will be to oversee the state’s health, nutrition, education, safety and environmental programs to promote development and social inclusion in the Amazon. Currently the Navy is working with 4 PIAS in this area, Ro Napo, Ro Morona, Ro Putumayo I and Ro Putumayo II; and one in the Altiplano, Lake Titicaca I.
Submarine modernization and other projects
The modernization program for submarines 209/1200 (Angamos class), which is being carried out by SIMA with advice and assistance from the German company ThyssenKrupp, is proceeding according to plan. The first unit to go through this process was the BAP Chipana (SS-34), which entered the courtyard of the Naval Arsenal in December 2017.
The modernization will be completed by the end of the year. The final test phase is scheduled to begin in the first quarter of 2021. The work included cutting the tough housing, modernizing and replacing the command and control, propulsion and navigation systems and weapons, as well as mechanical and electrical, hydraulic, electronic and optical devices.
According to the information available, they will have the Kallpa combat system (developed by SIMA-SAE) and ESM / ELINT (electronic support measures / electronic intelligence) Timnex II, Hensoldt SERO 250 periscopes and the ability to use the SM39 Exocet Anti- Ship missile.
This modernization, which is underway in the BAP Antofagasta (SS-32), which entered the Naval Arsenal in December 2019, is expected to resume in 2022 and will gradually be applied to the BAP Angamos (SS-31). and BAP Pisagua (SS-33) allow their useful life to be extended so that they can work for at least fifteen to twenty years.
Photo: The maritime patrol boats BAP Ro Tumbes (PM-208) and BAP Ro Locumba (PM-209) will enter service in the second quarter of 2021.
The SIMA shipyard in El Callao started building 7 transport boats for the Navy in 2019. 3 of them (L-01, L-02 and L-03) were delivered in January 2020. The rest is 92 percent ready, the L-05 99, the L-06 a 62 and the L-07 a 65, probably before the end of the year. These are ships of 20 m. In length, 4.5 of the beam and about 32 tons. Displacement with a capacity of 100 people or 10 tons. Loading.
They reach a speed of 10 knots, have navigation and communication equipment, GPS, magnetic compass and radio beacon and meet SOLAS regulations (Safety of Life at Sea). His job will be to provide logistical support to the squadron units anchored in the Callao Outer Rada and, if necessary, to the naval station on the island of San Lorenzo.
In addition, the construction of 2 maritime banned boats via CKD packages will start next December. The project design, plans, material package and technical support for the construction were acquired from Sundin Dockstavarvet, part of the Swedish Saab group, as part of the public investment project (PIP) to create maritime prohibition services in national maritime transport domain with SNIP code N. 290121.
The construction contract includes technical advice and technology transfer. Funding was paid by the Ministry of Production (PRODUCE), which signed a specific agreement with the Navy in October 2019 to improve their skills in controlling, monitoring and combating drug trafficking, illegal fishing and contraband produced in the jurisdiction Waters along the Peruvian coast.
The aluminum-built patrol boats are high-performance multi-platform ships that can not only be used as sea or river prohibition boats, but can also carry out combat, patrol, surveillance and coastal defense missions or special operations. They have a length of 16.43 m, a width of 3.83 and a draft of 0.8.
They displace 18 tons. in standard configuration and approx. 25 at full load. They are powered by two diesel engines, either Scania DSI14 V8 or Caterpillar 3406ETA, and two Kamewa FF waterjet engines, which allow them to reach a top speed of 45 knots. Its autonomy is 300 nautical miles at 38 knots for 5.9 hours. The crew consists of 3 people and can transport 16 to 18 people.
It includes the base of the mount for the weapon in the bow to allow the installation of an RCWS (Remote Controlled Weapon System) at the request of the Navy, which allows various configurations of a 12.7mm machine gun. to a 30 cannon or a grenade launcher
Finally, 3 100-ton river motorcycles will be built at the SIMA shipyard in Iquitos. and 2 of 200 for the Peruvian Army (program to expand the capacity of the logistical and operational river service to the border units of the Eastern Military Region) and a tank with a capacity to carry 10,000 gallons of fuel.
Defense Magazine No. 510, October 2020, Alejo Marchessini
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