Official documents published by the UK Department of Defense define various changes and adjustments that will affect both the procurement policies of its weapons systems and the military structures and capabilities that support them. They are the publications Global Britain in a Competitive Age: The Integrated Review of Security, Deence, Development and Foreign Policy and Defense in a Competitive Age, which was released after its release late last March.
These documents, which provide clear and detailed guidance on where UK defense and security policy will focus in the middle of this century – changes that occur could alter that forecast – define relevant issues that are of future interest are relevant. On the one hand, it advocates a range of military capabilities backed by an armed force that will be lighter, more agile, deadly and expeditionary, a transformation aimed at a stronger presence overseas and especially overseas in the region. bathed by the Indian and Pacific oceans. On the flip side, a number of future threats have been defined – countries like China or Russia are cited as preferred origins, as well as a number of disruptive states or terrorist groups – and the resources and skills required to counter them or face them Definition that advocates more professional and specialized military structures that can act against the adversary both in war and in high-intensity conflicts.
What matters is anything that implies restructuring the capabilities of British Special Operations (OEs) to see how remarkable growth in their unit and potential is proposed. More attention is being paid to where economic resources are being directed and greater investments are being made in areas such as electronic warfare, offensive drones, means of cyber defense, or new technologies that are unconventionally disruptive in nature. In general, wagers are made to remove some of the equipment, such as main battle tanks, airplanes or ships, which are more expensive to operate and maintain, and to derive the economic resources used to maintain them in order to better keep others in line with future conflicts complain; They have committed to keeping 2.4% of their research and development budget and have already determined that they will derive no less than £ 6.6 billion in this area over the next four years.
In relation to more classic contexts, there are notable changes that will lead to a greater ability to nuclear reaction with ballistic missiles to have more deterrent effects on third parties, which is why they advocate more capacity in the missiles of the future SSBN-type dreadnought U- Boats than that currently in use. The plan is to increase the number of surface ships with new types, including the planned Type 83 super destroyers, and to have enough amphibious ships to enable the Future Commando Force to be efficiently projected, including the Multi Role Support Ships (MRSS) of the Royal Marines, an amphibious element that, together with units of OEs, constitutes an important pillar of the armed forces that can be quickly projected onto specific scenarios in which their operational or tactical use may be required; They will have eight Type 26 frigates, three Type 31 frigates and an undefined number of future Type 33 frigates.
If the impact on the Royal Navy is significant, then it is all related to the future capabilities of the Royal Air Force. It is clear, and therefore these documents confirm that there are certain investments that are not as efficient as needed, and numerous changes are made focusing on the early withdrawal of certain systems, e.g. B. part of the aircraft of the aircraft. C-130J Hercules transport – its OU-related capabilities will result in an attempt to keep some of them active – or the quarantine of EF-2000 combat reactors from Tranche 1 – by 2025 – and their replacement with new platforms .
Problems such as that of the British A400M Atlas fleet are already defined, which during parachute launch operations cannot fly through both side doors as low and slowly as desired, which has led to the use of the C17. Globemaster III. It is stipulated that the E-3D alarm aircraft, which was decommissioned in 2021, will be replaced by 3 E-7A wedge details from 2023. The decision, which could result in the acquisition of fewer F-35 stealth fighter-bombers than planned, is also defined to derive the funds associated with the purchase for the faster achievement of the sixth generation FCAS storm reactors (Future Combat Air System), which is a clear commitment to future technologies and the UK companies related to their performance.
Finally, it should be noted that the Royal Army, as it was with the last restructuring in Great Britain, will lose its importance and its personnel will be reduced by about 10,000 soldiers, leaving its active structures at just over 70,000. Certain heavy and mechanized units will be reduced – they will invest £ 1,300 million in upgrading 148 main battle tanks to the Challenger III standard – and the older helicopters will be decommissioned – the AH-64 Apache will be upgraded from 2025 – and now for use which employed the specialization of some existing units and adaptation to new technologies, also highlighting the ease of structures and changes that will lead to the creation of the Security Force Assistance Brigade (SFAB), which will help allied and friendly nations strengthen their own capabilities.
The Army Special Operations Brigade (ASOB) will also be resourced, among which will stand out four battalions of the Ranger Regiment, which will form the vanguard of the Army’s expeditionary potential that they already had, and new ones.
As mentioned earlier, the UK Department of Defense recognizes that the transformation of its military structures must be more forceful and active than previously defined. This work is based on similar decisions the introduction of which was agreed within the capabilities of the United States Armed Forces. (Octavio Dec Cmara)
Photo: The British will have a lighter and more projectable army, but 148 tanks are waiting to be modernized to the Challenger III standard. (Simon Q)
The current surface ships will be replaced by new ships with more capabilities. This plan already includes the new Type 83 destroyers that will replace the current Type 45. (MOD)
The UK is committed to its industry and to international collaboration with Italy and Sweden to develop the future FCAS Tempest. (Royal Air Force)
The first of the four submarines with ballistic missiles of the dreadnought type should be ready by 2025, a clear bet on the environment of the strategic situation. (Royal Navy)
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